Защищая экономический рост Индии

В связи с тем, что Индию волнует нестабильность среди соседей, расходы на оборону, вероятно, увеличатся в будущем году. Так как приблизительно 20% всех расходов Индии уже отводятся на оборону, существует риск того, что дефицит правительственного бюджета может достичь неуправляемых уровней, угрожая с трудом налаженному экономическому росту последнего десятилетия.

Даже до того, как Америка и ее союзники начали бомбить инфраструктуру афганских террористов, расходы Индии на оборону быстро росли. В финансовом году, который заканчивается в марте 2002 г., правительство выделило 731,4 млрд. рупий (15,2 млрд. американских долларов) на оборону, что на 12% больше, чем в предыдущем финансовом году. Приближаясь к вершине уже возникшего правительственного дефицита, правительству Индии в настоящее время предстоит сделать трудный выбор, если оно хочет сохранить свою репутацию для проведения экономических реформ.

В начале 90-х гг. Индия отошла от дремотной статической системы, которую завещала Неру, приняв дружественный курс политики по отношению к рынку. Эти реформы поставили экономику на траекторию более высокого экономического роста, а средний существующий ВНП экономического роста достиг 6% за последние десять лет по сравнению с менее 4% показателя среднего годового экономического роста за предыдущие десятилетия. Инфляция оставалась единичной в 90-е гг. и, несмотря на растущий финансовый дефицит, экономический рост стал более стабильным.

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