Zaman arrest Ozan Kose/ Stringer via getty images

Pomluva a pokrok v arabském světě

AMMÁN – Zatímco pozornost světa poutá násilný radikalismus a občanské války na Středním východě a v severní Africe, hrubě pokroucená právní soustava regionu se střetá s mizivým zájmem. Problematické zákony napomáhající politické a hospodářské represi, například legislativa kriminalizující pomluvu, však podrývají rozvoj – a ničí životy lidí.

Zákony o pomluvě a rouhání zřejmě k potírání odlišných názorů zneužívá nejvíc egyptská vláda. Konkrétně egyptské orgány bezostyšně využívají ustanovení odstavce 98(f) tamního trestního zákoníku – zakazující občanům očernit „nebeské náboženství,“ vyvolávat sektářské sváry či dopustit se urážky islámu – k zatýkání, stíhání a věznění příslušníků nemajoritních náboženských skupin, zejména křesťanů. Není k tomu zapotřebí víc než vágní tvrzení, že jejich skutky ohrožují „soulad ve společenství“.

Spisovatel Ahmad Nádží nadto nedávno dostal trest odnětí svobody na dva roky za porušení „veřejné zdrženlivosti,“ když publikoval sexuálně otevřenou ukázku ze svého románu. To se stalo pouhý měsíc poté, co se spisovatelka Fátima Naútová odvolala proti tříletému trestu, který dostala, když byla uznána vinnou z „pohrdání islámem“ za příspěvek na Facebooku kritizující zabíjení zvířat na muslimský svátek. A je tu řada dalších.

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