renminbi Jie Zhao/Getty Images

人民币的撤退

纽约—“人民币国际化看上去是无情而不可阻挡的,”《经济学人》在2014年4月如是说。事实上,人民币在全球支付的使用量在2014年4月到2015年8月间翻了一番,达到了总量的2.8%,成为全世界使用量第四多的货币。

但是,此后这一增长趋势几乎完全逆转。人民币在全球支付中的占比已经下降到1.6%,名次也下跌到第七。其在全球债券市场的使用较2015年峰值下降了45%。香港银行的人民币存款几乎腰斩。2015年中国跨境贸易中有35%为人民币结算(其余大部分为美元结算),而今天这一比例下降到12%左右。

人民币形势的反转主要反映了四个因素。

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