债务以及美国的衰落

发自米兰——意大利以及其他欧洲国家都在处理本国公/私债务方面面临着严重问题,因此让身为一个欧洲人的我来谈论美国不断加剧的债务问题似乎有点不太厚道。但如今大西洋两岸的财政困境其实异常相似,摇摇欲坠,在许多欧洲人看来,只能寄望于美国能够做出某些惊世之举,戏剧性地解决自身的债务问题了。

毫无疑问,许多美国人都意识到自己的国家已经债台高筑。美国参谋长联席会议主席(也就是美军官阶最高的人物)迈克尔·马伦上将最近就放言称:“美国最大的安全威胁就是国家负债。”而10个美国人里大概有5个会同意他的说法,只有不到3个认为恐怖主义或伊朗才是头号敌人。

美国的世界霸主地位其实一直都跟它的债务水平密切相关。事实上,正是1914~1917年间零负债的状况确立了美国的崛起。在向西方盟友发放了60亿美元战争贷款之后,当时的美国由欠债30亿美元(大部分欠英国)的穷亲戚摇身一变成为手握30亿美元净债权的大财主。随后支持欧洲重建的30亿美元贷款进一步巩固了美国世界第一大债权人的地位,而当时美国的债权额几乎相当于其国民生产总值的8%。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/vZpLzRf/zh;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now