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Гибель объектов всемирного наследия

САН-ФРАНЦИСКО – У изменения климата появились новые жертвы. В этом году погибла почти четверть кораллов Большого Барьерного рифа в Австралии – объекта, который включен в список Всемирного наследия ЮНЕСКО и является одной из самых богатых и сложных экосистем в мире. Это самый массовый случай обесцвечивания кораллов в известной истории. Даже на северной оконечности рифа – вдалеке от зоны прямого воздействия активности человека, к примеру, в форме прибрежного строительства, – погибло ошеломляющее количество кораллов: 50%.

Повышение температуры моря выше средних уровней (именно этот эффект вызывает обесцвечивание кораллов) стало в 175 раз более вероятным из-за того, что меняется климат. Но океан продолжает впитывать жар из атмосферы, поэтому случаи массового обесцвечивания кораллов, уничтожающего Большой Барьерный риф, а также другие деструктивные явления, связанные с ростом температуры, скорее всего, станут ещё более частым и разрушительными.

Будущее бесценных объектов Всемирного наследия (и, более того, всей нашей планеты) зависит от немедленного сокращения выбросов парниковых газов, вызывающих изменение климата. Однако многие правительства, ответственные за защиту этих объектов на территории своих стран, не просто не предпринимают никаких решительных климатических мер; они активно занимаются новыми проектами «грязной энергетики», например, строительством угольных шахт и электростанций.

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