Problemas en medio del desarrollo en el África emergente

NUEVA YORK – África está cambiando radicalmente, tanto como las actitudes de los extranjeros hacia ella: finalmente, Estados Unidos parece haberse decidido a igualar el nivel de interés de China, Europa e India por el continente. La reciente cumbre del Presidente Barack Obama con 40 jefes de estado y 200 líderes de los negocios estadounidenses y africanos parece indicar un estado de ánimo nuevo y más confiado. Resulta estimulante, pero mientras haya partes del África subsahariana que sigan sumidas en conflictos violentos, pobreza y corrupción, no se aprovechará todo el potencial económico del continente.

Las oportunidades comerciales y de crecimiento económico de África son atractivas e interesantes. La clase media de la región, compuesta por unos 300 millones de personas, está creciendo en más de un 5% al año. El consumo per cápita se acerca a los niveles de China y la India. África puede lograr el impulso de base amplia al desarrollo que tanto necesita si la inversión extranjera llega a sectores clave, como la educación, la sanidad y la infraestructura.

Pero la inversión y el crecimiento (“el ascenso de África”) son solamente una parte de la historia: gran parte del continente también sufre conflictos y crisis, en especial las decenas de millones de seres humanos que habitan en una franja de países desde Mali a Somalia. Incluso antes del brote de ébola en Liberia y Sierra Leona, Sudán del Sur, la República Centroafricana y Mali corrían el riesgo de sumarse a una larga lista de estados frágiles o fallidos del que ya forman parte Somalia y la República Democrática del Congo. Demasiado a menudo los conflictos étnicos, religiosos, económicos y de otros tipos dificultan los objetivos de alcanzar una gobernanza eficaz y proporcionar niveles básicos de servicios.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/4YzyA5j/es;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now