针对叙利亚难民的长期计划

贝鲁特—在与身处黎巴嫩和土耳其的难民和援助工作者共处短短三天后,叙利亚危机的末日情景已经充分展现在我的眼前:10万多人死亡,九百万人流离失所,两百万儿童被赶出校园,脊髓灰质炎等疾病卷土重来,邻国则被难民潮搞得焦头烂额。

数不清的失去配偶、兄弟姐妹和孩子的悲惨故事(更不用说失去家园和生计了)提供了更多的令人不安的证据,表明叙利亚内战已经演变为地区冲突(伊朗驻贝鲁特大使馆爆炸案就是明证)。反巴沙尔叛军正在相互搏斗,圣战组织正在壮大。专家们不再用“月”来讨论冲突,而改用“年”甚至“十年”。

尽管国际救援会(IRC)等援助机构英勇地拯救了无数生命,给地区带来了希望,但可怕的事实是保护公民已成为不可能的任务,特别是来自狙击手和导弹误炸的伤害,更不用说饥饿和无家可归了。战斗派系甚至不承认中立非战斗人员这一概念,对国际战争规范嗤之以鼻。除了使用化学武器外,联合国估计有250万平民缺少食品、水和药品,因为一些村镇实在难以进入,有约25万人完全得不到外部援助。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/Q4jEW5K/zh;
  1. Chris J Ratcliffe/Getty Images

    The Brexit Surrender

    European Union leaders meeting in Brussels have given the go-ahead to talks with Britain on post-Brexit trade relations. But, as European Council President Donald Tusk has said, the most difficult challenge – forging a workable deal that secures broad political support on both sides – still lies ahead.

  2. The Great US Tax Debate

    ROBERT J. BARRO vs. JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS on the impact of the GOP tax  overhaul.


    • Congressional Republicans are finalizing a tax-reform package that will reshape the business environment by lowering the corporate-tax rate and overhauling deductions. 

    • But will the plan's far-reaching changes provide the boost to investment and growth that its backers promise?


    ROBERT J. BARRO | How US Corporate Tax Reform Will Boost Growth

    JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS | Robert Barro's Tax Reform Advocacy: A Response

  3. Murdoch's Last Stand?

    Rupert Murdoch’s sale of 21st Century Fox’s entertainment assets to Disney for $66 billion may mark the end of the media mogul’s career, which will long be remembered for its corrosive effect on democratic discourse on both sides of the Atlantic. 

    From enabling the rise of Donald Trump to hacking the telephone of a murdered British schoolgirl, Murdoch’s media empire has staked its success on stoking populist rage.

  4. Bank of England Leon Neal/Getty Images

    The Dangerous Delusion of Price Stability

    Since the hyperinflation of the 1970s, which central banks were right to combat by whatever means necessary, maintaining positive but low inflation has become a monetary-policy obsession. But, because the world economy has changed dramatically since then, central bankers have started to miss the monetary-policy forest for the trees.

  5. Harvard’s Jeffrey Frankel Measures the GOP’s Tax Plan

    Jeffrey Frankel, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a former member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers, outlines the five criteria he uses to judge the efficacy of tax reform efforts. And in his view, the US Republicans’ most recent offering fails miserably.

  6. A box containing viles of human embryonic Stem Cell cultures Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images

    The Holy Grail of Genetic Engineering

    CRISPR-Cas – a gene-editing technique that is far more precise and efficient than any that has come before it – is poised to change the world. But ensuring that those changes are positive – helping to fight tumors and mosquito-borne illnesses, for example – will require scientists to apply the utmost caution.

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now