هل تفوز فلسطين بالسلام؟

رام الله ــ كان بدء تنفيذ اتفاق وقف إطلاق النار الذي أنهى الحرب بين إسرائيل وفلسطين في الشهر الماضي مهيباً لافتاً للنظر. ففي تزامن شبه كامل، أعلن الرئيس الفلسطيني محمود عباس نهاية الحرب في غزة في بث تلفزيوني من مقره في رام الله، في حين دعا قادة حماس الفلسطينيين في غزة للنزول إلى الشوارع للاحتفال بنصرهم المفترض.

بطبيعة الحال، مع مقتل أكثر من 2200 من الفلسطينيين ــ أغلبهم من المدنيين ــ وإصابة أكثر من عشرة آلاف، وتدمير الآلاف من المساكن والمدارس والمساجد ومرافق البنية الأساسية، يصعب أن نسمي هذه النتيجة نصرا. ومع ذلك فإن هذه هي المرة الأولى التي يتمكن فيها الفلسطينيون من الإتيان بشيء أقرب إلى الردع المتبادل مع الإسرائيليين.

لقد تعزز موقف فلسطين بفضل اعتراف الجمعية العامة للأمم المتحدة بها دولة مراقبة غير عضو، وهو ما يستطيع أن يستخدمه الدبلوماسيون الفلسطينيون لفرض ضغوط سياسية على إسرائيل لحملها على التعامل بجدية مع طموحاتهم الوطنية. كما ساعدت عضوية فلسطين في هيئات الأمم المتحدة، بما في ذلك المحكمة الجنائية الدولية، في تعزيز قدرة قادتها على المساومة.

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