制裁与团结

布鲁塞尔—欧盟终于同意因为俄罗斯在乌克兰的行为对其实施“三级制裁”。与往常一样,欧洲达成这一一致经历漫长而艰难的过程。

一个一直伴随其间的关键问题是,尽管制裁符合共同目的,但实施制裁的成本是由个体成员国承担的。此外,制裁成本是实实在在、看得见摸得着的,依赖对俄出口的企业的就业将受到冲击。因此,毫不奇怪许多成员国更关心制裁对本国经济造成的潜在影响,而不是像俄罗斯证明其无视国际法和规范将造成后果这一总体外交政策目标。

正因如此,应该成立一个共同基金作为欧盟对俄外交政策立场的一部分,补偿制裁造成的经济成本。建立这样一个基金可以成为欧盟内部团结的有力标志,同时提供深思制裁成本的性质的理想机会。

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