富人如何统治

普林斯顿—富人比穷人拥有更大的政治权力,这不是新闻,即使在一人一票选举的民主国家也是如此。但两位政治学家——普林斯顿大学的马丁·吉伦斯(Martin Gilens)和西北大学的本杰明·佩奇(Benjamin Page)最近发现了关于美国的一些冷酷的结论,他们的发现对于美国和其他国家的民主的运作具有重要影响。

两位作者的研究基于吉伦斯之前的工作的基础上。吉伦斯费尽心思收集了从1981年到2002年间近2,000个政策问题的民意调查。接着,两人考察了美国联邦政府是否在调查后四年内采取了被调查政策,并追踪了结果与位于收入分配不同区位的选民的偏好的匹配程度。

单独看来,“普通”选民——即位于收入分配中端的选民,他的偏好对政府最终反应具有强大的积极影响力。普通选民所喜欢的政策具有极大的可能成为现实。

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