European Union flag

弱欧洲的危险

坎布里奇——1973年,美国国务卿亨利·基辛格在对越南和中国一段时间的全神贯注后,却宣布了“欧洲年”的决策。最近,在美国总统奥巴马宣布美国战略“支点”,或再平衡转向亚洲后,许多欧洲人担心为美国所忽略。现在,由于正在上演的难民危机、俄罗斯占领东乌克兰并非法吞并克里米亚、以及英国威胁退出欧盟,美国外交在2016年或许有必要再次做出“欧洲年”的决策。

无论喊什么口号,欧洲都仍具备相当的实力,并对美国的切身利益至关重要。尽管美国经济比德国大四倍,但由28个成员国组成的欧盟经济体量与美国对等,其5.1亿的人口规模则要比美国的3.2亿多得多。

诚然,美国的人均收入较高,但就人力资本、技术和出口领域而言,欧盟完全当得起美国的经济对手。2010年危机爆发(即希腊和其他国家的财政问题引发金融市场焦虑)前,有些经济学家纷纷猜测欧元很可能迅速取代美元而成为世界主要储备货币。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/bxotYG5/zh;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now