被损害的民主

纽约­——即使在最高领袖阿亚图拉·阿里·哈梅内伊决定压制伊朗“受管理的民主”所剩无几的合法性之前,它实际上也是一种特殊的体制。虽然伊朗公民有权选举他们的总统,但是候选人却必须接受宪法监护委员会的审查。这个组织的半数成员是由不经选举产生的最高领袖来挑选的。

唯一允许参选的候选人都具有无懈可击的宗教信仰,效忠一个体制——虽然在这个体制里最重要的决定是由非选举产生的神职人员来做出的。米尔·侯赛因·穆萨维就是这样一个人。1981年,他被后来的最高领袖阿亚图拉·哈梅内伊挑选成为总理。

穆萨维作为一个改革派来参与本次竞选,表示自己将为争取更多的新闻自由,妇女的更大权益和减少对伊朗人私生活的限制而奋斗。他还暗示将在对美谈判时采取更为灵活的立场。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/sk9DwVk/zh;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now