Kulturní imperialismus a zákaz DDT

Program OSN pro životní prostředí UNEP se vydává na scestnou kampaň v rámci Konvence o obtížně odbouratelných organických skodlivinách s cílem zakázat pesticid DDT. Země v tropickém pásmu, jež tuto konvenci podepísí, se zásadním způsobem podepísí rovněž na zdraví svých obyvatel.

DDT je cenově nejvýhodnějsí látka pro kontrolu chorob sířených mouchami a komáry, která kdy byla vyrobena. Národní akademie věd USA odhaduje, že DDT před malárií zachránilo na nasí planetě do roku 1970 na pět set milionů lidí. V Indii jeho rozprasování v 60. letech tuto nemoc vesměs vymýtilo. Počet případů malárie klesl ze 75 milionů v roce 1951 na pouhých 50 000 v roce 1961 a počet úmrtí na tuto nemoc klesl z jednoho milionu ve 40. letech na několik tisíc v 60. letech. Vsudypřítomné sítě proti komárům, které si pamatuji z dětství, bych už v době, kdy jsem koncem 50. let studovat vysokou skolu, v městských domech sotva nasel.

Ovsem později, už v 70. letech, do velké míry v důsledku environmentální paniky sířené knihou Rachel Carsonové Tiché jaro (Silent Spring), přestaly zahraniční humanitární agentury a organizace OSN DDT podporovat a jeho použití postupně upadalo. Komáři se do Indie brzy vrátili a spolu s ní i endemická malárie. V roce 1997 už UNDP odhadoval přibližně 2,6 milionů případů malárie.

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