Выращивание энергии

Все признаки, от изменения климата до переменчивых цен на нефть, указывают на грядущий глобальный энергетический кризис. Посмотреть в лицо этой обостряющейся проблеме – значит признать, что человечество не может больше пренебрегать неисчерпаемым ресурсом в виде органической материи, образование которой ежедневно обеспечивает солнце посредством фотосинтеза. Благодаря солнечной энергии растения могут поглощать диоксид углерода и производить не только кислород, но и вещества, которые животный мир употребляет в пищу – и которые наши машины могут использовать для получения энергии.

Начиная с неолита (иными словами, позднего каменного века), люди выращивали эту «биомассу» себе на пропитание. Тем не менее, ее энергетический потенциал во внимание не принимается – даже в современном мире. Начиная с промышленной революции, люди получали энергию из угля, а позднее из нефти и природного газа, но этот процесс ведет к истощению невозобновляемых ресурсов.

Существующие альтернативные варианты, расширяющие наш арсенал способов производства энергии, имеют свои ограничения. Ядерная энергия обладает рядом недостатков, вследствие проблем безопасности и утилизации радиоактивных отходов. Гидроэнергия уже и так широко используется, а энергия ветра и солнечная энергия доступны не в каждый момент и не везде одинаково.

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