Paul Lachine

Jakou budoucnost si napíšeme

ADDIS ABEBA – Co má budoucnost nachystáno pro globální ekonomiku? Budou se celosvětově zvyšovat životní úrovně, až dnešní chudé země udělají skok k moderním technologiím s cílem přiblížit se bohatším zemím? Anebo nám prosperita proteče mezi prsty, protože chamtivost a korupce nás povedou k vyčerpání životně důležitých zdrojů a ničení přírodního prostředí, na němž blahobyt lidí závisí? Před lidstvem nestojí větší výzva než zajistit, aby svět neležel v troskách, nýbrž vzkvétal.

Podoben románu se dvěma alternativními konci, náš příběh se v tomto novém století teprve bude psát. Na vzestupu ani krachu prosperity není nic nevyhnutelného. Budoucnost není pouhá prognóza, ale záležitost lidské volby, a to víc než si myslíme (nebo si chceme připustit).

Vzdor pokračující ekonomické krizi v Evropě a Spojených státech si rozvojový svět udržel svižný hospodářský růst. Zatímco vyspělé ekonomiky mají v roce 2013 podle prognóz Mezinárodního měnového fondu růst o pouhé 1,5 %, růst rozvíjejících se zemí se odhaduje na 5,6 %. V asijských rozvojových ekonomikách, které dnes ve světě udávají tempo, se očekává 7,2% růst a výstup v subsaharské Africe je na cestě ke zdravým 5,7 %.

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