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Konec přeshraničního náhradního mateřství?

LONDÝN – Celosvětový obchod s dětmi narozenými z komerčního náhradního mateřství pomalu uvadá. Indie, Nepál, Thajsko a Mexiko zavedly opatření, která omezují či přímo zakazují možnost, aby si cizí státní příslušníci najímali místní ženy jako náhradní matky. Kambodža a Malajsie se pravděpodobně brzy připojí.

V sektoru, kde už dlouho převládá názor, že je nesprávné „jít proti trhu“, jde o překvapivý – a vítaný – vývoj. Nekritičtí stoupenci biotechnologií mají sklon oslavovat skutečnost, že tempo technologického pokroku předběhlo vládní regulace, což podle nich umožňuje nerušený vývoj vědy. Odhodlaní států, které byly v minulosti centry komerčního náhradního mateřství, skoncovat s touto praxí však odhaluje naivnost výše uvedeného postoje.

Není náhoda, že proti přeshraničnímu náhradnímu mateřství brojí právě ty země, v nichž k těmto případům dochází. Argument, že z náhradního mateřství mají prospěch všichni – náhradní matky, děti i rodiče-objednatelé –, při bližším zkoumání neobstojí.

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