El control de la televisión china

El informe de World Press Freedom correspondiente a 2003 y hecho público por el grupo Reporteros sin Fronteras sitúa a China en el puesto 161º de entre 166 naciones, más o menos entre el Irán y Corea del Norte, pero al menos lo que ofrece la televisión china ya no consiste en los melodramas mojigatos y los toscos programas de adoctrinamiento del pasado maoísta. Los observadores casuales de la audaz oferta de programas de sexo, crimen, drogas, violencia y juegos triviales en la televisión china podrían tener la impresión de que se han eliminado la mayoría de las trabas a los programas televisivos.

Desde luego, esa impresión se esfuma, si nos centramos en el contenido político explicito. Los puntos de vista que se desvían, por poco que sea, de la doctrina del Partido siguen ausentes de la televisión china. Pese a la diversidad superficial de la programación, el monolítico control del discurso político ha cambiado poco desde el decenio de 1950.

Pero el simple volumen de la programación de la televisión china dificulta el mantenimiento de dicho control. Tan sólo la Televisión Central China (CCTV) tiene 12 canales (muchos de los cuales emiten las 24 horas del día) y 3.000 empleados. La CCTV está sometida al control del Departamento de Propaganda del Ministerio de Radio, Cine y Televisión. Numerosas emisoras de televisión provinciales y municipales tienen que transmitir también la programación de la CCTV. Esa combinación representa una vasta empresa administrativa. Dada la impresionante cantidad de programación necesaria para llenar los espacios televisivos, la vigilancia de los contenidos debe hacerse con máxima eficiencia.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/aI1dqvr/es;
  1. Chris J Ratcliffe/Getty Images

    The Brexit Surrender

    European Union leaders meeting in Brussels have given the go-ahead to talks with Britain on post-Brexit trade relations. But, as European Council President Donald Tusk has said, the most difficult challenge – forging a workable deal that secures broad political support on both sides – still lies ahead.

  2. The Great US Tax Debate

    ROBERT J. BARRO vs. JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS on the impact of the GOP tax  overhaul.


    • Congressional Republicans are finalizing a tax-reform package that will reshape the business environment by lowering the corporate-tax rate and overhauling deductions. 

    • But will the plan's far-reaching changes provide the boost to investment and growth that its backers promise?


    ROBERT J. BARRO | How US Corporate Tax Reform Will Boost Growth

    JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS | Robert Barro's Tax Reform Advocacy: A Response

  3. Murdoch's Last Stand?

    Rupert Murdoch’s sale of 21st Century Fox’s entertainment assets to Disney for $66 billion may mark the end of the media mogul’s career, which will long be remembered for its corrosive effect on democratic discourse on both sides of the Atlantic. 

    From enabling the rise of Donald Trump to hacking the telephone of a murdered British schoolgirl, Murdoch’s media empire has staked its success on stoking populist rage.

  4. Bank of England Leon Neal/Getty Images

    The Dangerous Delusion of Price Stability

    Since the hyperinflation of the 1970s, which central banks were right to combat by whatever means necessary, maintaining positive but low inflation has become a monetary-policy obsession. But, because the world economy has changed dramatically since then, central bankers have started to miss the monetary-policy forest for the trees.

  5. Harvard’s Jeffrey Frankel Measures the GOP’s Tax Plan

    Jeffrey Frankel, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a former member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers, outlines the five criteria he uses to judge the efficacy of tax reform efforts. And in his view, the US Republicans’ most recent offering fails miserably.

  6. A box containing viles of human embryonic Stem Cell cultures Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images

    The Holy Grail of Genetic Engineering

    CRISPR-Cas – a gene-editing technique that is far more precise and efficient than any that has come before it – is poised to change the world. But ensuring that those changes are positive – helping to fight tumors and mosquito-borne illnesses, for example – will require scientists to apply the utmost caution.

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now