遏制,而不是纵容

美国和世界都在关注布什政府是否会按照伊拉克问题研究小组(Iraq Study Group)所建议的策略从伊拉克撤军。这是目前最迫切需要解决的问题,但美国领导人还需要预先考虑未来。美国需要为伊拉克和中东地区制定后占领期策略,而这项策略必须以21世纪切实可行的国家安全政策为基础,那就是遏制。

入侵伊拉克之前,布什政府把遏制看作过时的冷战后遗症而不予理睬。武器核查人员被迫撤离,美国选择了先发制人地挑起战争。布什被描绘为以邱吉尔般的坚定意志与新的希特勒对抗,而遏制政策的宣传者则被斥责为姑息和纵容。可现在我们知道遏制策略是有效的。萨达姆·侯赛因统治下的伊拉克不会威胁到任何人,更不用说是美国了。

在哈利·杜鲁门(Harry Truman)任总统时担任美国国务院政策计划室(US State Department’s Policy Planning Staff)主任的乔治·凯南(George Kennan)最先提出了遏制策略,当时提出这项策略是为了应对二战结束后苏联所构成的威胁。乔治·凯南所提出的遏制策略已经不是第一次被人斥责为姑息纵容了。在1952年的总统竞选中,德怀特·艾森豪威尔(Dwight Eisenhower)和他未来的国务卿约翰·福斯特·杜勒斯(John Foster Dulles)就曾对遏制策略嗤之以鼻,并号召要在东欧地区将苏联“彻底打垮”。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/8TwEBQ3/zh;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now