Shark

Solidaritas kepada Ikan Hiu

SAN JOSE – Kita sering mendengar bahwa manusia lebih tahu banyak tentang alam semesta dibandingkan lautan. Bagaimanapun juga, 12 orang sudah berjalan di permukaan bulan namun hanya 3 orang yang pernah menyelam ke bagian terdalam laut. Tapi kini terkesan bahwa semakin sedikit pengetahuan yang kita miliki tentang lautan – atau barangkali kita justru telah membuat lebih banyak kerusakan daripada yang kita sadari.

Sebuah penelitian terbaru menemukan bahwa selama bertahun-tahun jumlah penangkapan ikan sangat jauh di bawah perkiraan. Hal ini harusnya menarik perhatian organisasi pengelolaan perikanan regional, yang mengawasi penangkapan ikan komersial di laut bebas dan memantau kepatuhan pelaksanaan Konvensi PBB tentang Konservasi Spesies Satwa Liar yang Bermigrasi(Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Spesies of Wild Animals atau CMS) yang meliputi spesies bermigrasi yang terancam punah.

Menurut CMS, beberapa spesies yang saat ini memerlukan perlindungan ketat – termuat dalam Appendix I – termasuk hiu putih (great white shark), lima spesies sawfish, dan sebelas spesies pari (ray). Pertemuan CMS mengenai hiu bermigrasi (migratory sharks) yang akan diselengarakan bulan ini di San Jose, Kosta Rika,  mencerminkan peluang penting untuk memperkuat peraturan agar menjamin konservasi dan pemanfaatan spesies ini secara berkelanjutan, sehingga mereka bisa terus memenuhi peran ekologisnya yang penting sebagai predator tingkat atas (apex predator).

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