Бесконечная война в Конго

ХАРАРЕ. Некоторое время тому назад глава Агентства по делам беженцев ООН г-н Антонио Гутьерес сказал в отношении Демократической Республики Конго: “Никто во внешнем мире не ощущает угрозу, поэтому международное сообщество в действительности не обращает внимания на внутреннюю ситуацию в Конго”.

Теперь обращает, так как ныне восточная провинция Конго под названием Северная Киву попадает в газетные заголовки почти ежедневно. В августе прошлого года снова вспыхнули бои к северу от столицы провинции Гомы, спровоцировав тяжелейший гуманитарный кризис, которому не видно конца в обозримом будущем.

Как и в восьмилетней гражданской войне в тогдашнем Заире, которая якобы закончилась в 2002 году, в нынешние бои вовлечены многочисленные различные местные группировки. Это не только конголезские правительственные войска, которые противостоят повстанцам, верным генералу Лоренту Нкунде из племени тутси, но и руандийские мятежники из племени хуту, на которых лежит ответственность за геноцид в Руанде в 1990-х годах, а также «лесные братья», известные как ополченцы  “Маи-Маи”.  “Это банка со скорпионами”- сказал мне один конголезский друг.

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