Paul Lachine

Sentido común sobre los controles de capital

SANTIAGO - Pocos debates de política son más extraños que los relacionados con los controles de capital. Si uno menciona el asunto a un banquero o un economista que adhiera a las corrientes predominantes y es probable que obtenga una vehemente respuesta: los controles de capital no funcionan, porque los especuladores pueden evadirlos a bajo o ningún coste, pero los países nunca deben adoptarlos, ya que hacerlo es muy costoso. ¿Soy el único que se encuentra esta lógica un poco torcida?

La siguiente etapa de la conversación suele ser igual de extraña. Al enfrentar aumentos repentinos y potencialmente desestabilizadores de flujos de capital, no son recomendables los controles de capital, pero es bastante aceptable un concepto llamado regulación prudencial. Es probable que a uno le digan que los controles de capital discriminan entre operaciones en función del país de residencia de las partes involucradas, y que eso es malo. La regulación prudencial discrimina sobre la base de la moneda de denominación o vencimiento de la transacción, y eso es bueno.

Si esta conversación tiene lugar en una fiesta, en este momento usted haría bien en pedir otra copa.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/8AFuNc5/es;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now