¿Paz en Colombia?

BOGOTÁ – El Acuerdo Marco para poner fin al conflicto armado en Colombia que acaba de anunciar el Presidente Juan Manuel Santos es un hito para su país y toda América Latina. Es también un tributo a la habilidad diplomática y negociadora.

El acuerdo con las Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, más conocidas como FARC, llega después de muchos años de intentos fallidos por parte de gobiernos colombianos de todas las orientaciones políticas para conseguir un acuerdo satisfactorio con el último movimiento guerrillero –y uno de los más odiosos– que ha actuado en América Latina. Las FARC, monumental aparato de terror, asesinatos en masa y tráfico de drogas, nunca habían accedido a debatir el desarme, la reintegración social y política de sus guerrilleros, los derechos de las víctimas, el fin de la producción de drogas y la participación en las comisiones “de la verdad y la responsabilidad” para examinar los crímenes cometidos durante medio siglo de conflicto, pero ahora sí.

Ese transcendental cambio refleja el estado de las FARC, diezmadas tras muchos años de lucha, la capacidad de resistencia de la sociedad colombiana y –y tal vez sea lo más importante– la brillante política regional de Santos. Al debilitarse el llamado Eje Bolivariano (Venezuela, Ecuador y Bolivia), las guerrillas de las FARC quedaron sin apoyo regional.

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