Lecciones de la Guerra Fría para George W. Bush

El Presidente Bush hizo hace poco una analogía entre la lucha actual en contra del violento terrorismo jihadi y la Guerra Fría. Tiene razón en una cosa: las olas del terrorismo tienden a ser generacionales. Desgraciadamente, al igual que la Guerra Fría, la "guerra contra el terrorismo" será probablemente cuestión de décadas, no de años.

Pero Bush olvidó otra lección implícita en su analogía: la importancia de utilizar el poder suave de la cultura. La Guerra Fría se ganó mediante una combinación de fuerza militar, que disuadió la agresión soviética, y del poder atractivo de la cultura y las ideas occidentales. Cuando cayó el muro de Berlín en 1989, lo que lo derribó fueron los martillos y buldózers, no la artillería. Lamentablemente Bush no ha aprendido esta lección.

Los intercambios académicos y científicos de la Guerra Fría desempeñaron un papel significativo para aumentar el poder suave estadounidense. Si bien algunos escépticos temían que los científicos soviéticos y los agentes de la KGB se robaran la tecnología estadounidense, no se daban cuenta de que los visitantes se llevaban ideas políticas junto con los secretos científicos. Muchos de esos científicos se convirtieron en propulsores importantes de los derechos humanos y la liberalización en la URSS.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in

  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.