Caribbean coastline

Cómo desbloquear el financiamiento climático

WASHINGTON, DC – A menudo se usan imágenes apocalípticas de huracanes con una capacidad destructiva sin precedentes, ciudades costeras sumergidas y tormentas de polvo en zonas abrasadas por el sol para ilustrar las devastadoras consecuencias del cambio climático, pero una catástrofe en cámara lenta está llegando a millones de agricultores en Latinoamérica y el Caribe.

Un hongo conocido como roya del cafeto está atacando las plantaciones de café desde México hasta Perú. Los científicos culpan al cambio climático por la rápida difusión de la enfermedad, que sofoca al cafeto cubriendo sus hojas. La roya crece con fuerza cuando llueve a menudo y las temperaturas son inusualmente elevadas, algo que se está dando con mayor frecuencia en estas regiones cafetaleras.

La mayor parte de los debates en la Conferencia de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Cambio Climático en París se han centrado en qué ocurrirá después de 2020, cuando entren en vigencia los acuerdos que se logren. Pero la roya del cafeto está destruyendo el sustento de muchas personas incluso mientras los negociadores tratan de lograr consensos. La crisis ilustra la carga que enfrentan los países en vías de desarrollo mientras procuran satisfacer las esperanzas de su gente para alcanzar mejores niveles de vida y cumplir los compromisos internacionales para descarbonizar sus economías. Esto requerirá durante las próximas décadas el mismo tipo de cooperación amplia y acción resuelta que otros desafíos relacionados con el clima.

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