Paul Lachine

气候公平

德班——两年前,在哥本哈根气候变化峰会召开前夕,我们俩一起在开普敦倾听五位来自不同非洲国家的农民(其中四位是女性)告诉我们气候变化是如何破坏他们的生活的。每个人都向我们解释洪水和干旱以及播种和收获季节的不规律是如何与他们的日常经验相悖的。他们的担心是全世界自耕农和原住民的共同担心,这些与导致气候变化毫不相干的人受气候冲击影响最深。

如今,两年过去了,我们来到了今年气候变化会议COP17的举办地南非德班,而非洲和其他地区的贫困人口的状态比两年前更加恶化了。最新的联合国气候变化跨国委员会报告指出,几乎可以肯定,从全球角度看,高温天气正在变得更热,且出现得更频繁;事实上,在世界大部分地区,高温天数频率提高了十倍。

此外,气候变化存在一个残酷的悖论,即大规模集中降水也愈来愈频繁,这增加了发生洪水的风险。自2003年以来,东非地区记录了8个最温暖年份,毫无疑问,这与困扰非洲之角1300万人的大饥荒密切相关。

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