Выполняя обещание по финансированию мер противодействия изменениям климата

ЛОНДОН – В 2009 богатые страны мира обязались к 2020 году мобилизовывать в год 100 миллиардов долларов США, чтобы помочь бедным странам справиться с изменением климата. С тех пор это обещание расценивается как основное испытание развитых стран мира в их решении внести свое вклад по борьбе с глобальным потеплением.

Достижение задачи по сбору 100 миллиардов долларов США важно. Бедные страны должны верить, что богатые страны будут выполнять свои обещания. В противном случае перспективы подписания эффективного международного соглашения на  Конференции ООН по изменению климата в Париже в ноябре и декабре могут находиться под угрозой срыва.

К счастью, есть обнадеживающие признаки, что это обязательство будет выполнено. Но необходимы гораздо большие финансовые средства, особенно от частного сектора. Согласно данным ОЭСР и «Стратегической инициативе по изменению климата», развитые страны коллективно мобилизовали 52,2 миллиарда долларов США в 2013 году и 61,8 миллиарда долларов США в 2014, чтобы помочь бедным странам уменьшить выбросы парниковых газов и улучшить приспособляемость против эффектов изменения климата, которых нельзя избежать.

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