Sunset.

兑现气候金融承诺

伦敦—2009年,世界发达国家承诺到2020年,每年要动员1,000亿美元帮助穷国应对气候变化。此后,这一承诺成为发达国家在遏制全球变暖方面做好分内事的决心的重要检验标准。

达到1,000亿美元的目标很重要。穷国必须相信发达国家会兑现承诺。否则,在11月和12月的巴黎联合国气候变化大会达成有效国际协定的前景就会岌岌可危。

幸运的是,令人鼓舞的信号表明这一承诺会得到兑现。但这需要更大的金融流,特别是私人部门金融流。据经合组织和气候政策倡议(Climate Policy Initiative)的数据,发达国家在2013和2014年分别总共动员522亿美元和618亿美元帮助穷国降低温室气体排放和构建抵御无法避免的气候变化影响的能力。

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