Farmers protest in India Hindustan Times/Getty Images

战胜气候变化的暴力

圣莫妮卡—印度正在经历140年以来的最严重干旱,印度农民纷纷上街游行。在今年夏天中央邦的一次示威中,警察朝要求豁免债务和更好的农作物价格的农民开枪,导致五人死亡。在泰米尔纳德邦,愤怒的农户也举行了类似的示威,点燃蜡烛纪念被杀者。而在新德里的一次集会中,农民带来了人体骷髅,据说是因为过去六个月干旱导致歉收而自杀的农民的遗骸。

根据加州大学伯克利分校的塔玛·卡尔利顿(Tamma A. Carleton)的最新研究,印度农民自杀数量随温度的上升而增加,在给定的日子中,温度较平均水平每上升1℃,平均而言会导致自杀事件增加大约70起。

今年因干旱而导致的动乱不但暴露了失败的农业政策,也突显出气候变化对印度乃至所有国家所造成的威胁。随着全球气温上升、干旱越来越普遍,政治骚动、社会动荡乃至暴力都有可能水涨船高。

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