Konsep Categorical Imperative dalam Perubahan Iklim

CAPE TOWN – Dewasa ini, seringkali kita dipaksa memilih antara melakukan tindakan yang benar secara moral dan tindakan yang menguntungkan secara ekonomi. Memang benar kadang pilihan ini terkesan bersifat mutually exclusive, sehingga keputusan atas pilihan mana yang harus diambil menjadi sangat sulit. Akan tetapi terkadang kebenaran moral dan kepentingan ekonomi menyatu dan menciptakan peluang yang tidak boleh dilewatkan. Kondisi seperti ini – menurut Uskup Agung dan mantan Menteri Keuangan – mencerminkan pandangan dunia terhadap perubahan iklim.

Kewajiban moral ini tidak diragukan lagi sebab dampak perubahan iklim – seperti cuaca ekstrim, perubahan suhu, kenaikan permukaan laut – dialami oleh penduduk miskin yang juga hanya memperoleh sedikit manfaat dari aktivitas ekonomi yang justru mengakibatkannya.  Selain itu, perubahan iklim akan mempercepat kemiskinan dan ketimpangan di masa depan yang berarti kalau kita tidak mengatasinya dengan segera, maka perubahan iklim akan menurunkan – atau bahkan menghilangkan – kesempatan bagi generasi mendatang untuk mencapai tujuan-tujuan pembangunan. Setiap upaya untuk mengatasi perubahan iklim, tentunya menjadi tindakan yang patut dilakukan.

Patut disyukuri bahwa upaya-upaya ini juga mampu menghasilkan manfaat ekonomi yang nyata. Apalagi karena perubahan iklim mengakibatkan kerugian ekonomi yang besar – contohnya, kerugian yang berhubungan dengan semakin seringnya terjadi cuaca ekstrim. Selain itu pembangunan ekonomi “hijau”, yang berdasarkan pada inovasi teknologi yang terus-menerus, merupakan cara terbaik dan paling efisien untuk menghasilkan motor penggerak pertumbuhan berkelanjutan dan penciptaan lapangan kerja bagi generasi mendatang.

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