Homeless child rain Dhaka NurPhoto

Příští migrační vlna

MANILA – Představte si, že jste drobný zemědělec. Plodiny vám kvůli kolísavějším projevům počasí uvadají, voda ze studny je tak slaná, že se nedá pít, a rýže zdražila natolik, že si ji na trhu nemůžete koupit. Opustíte tedy domov a vydáte se hledat lepší život.

Miliony lidí ve zranitelných komunitách po celém světě si takový scénář nemusejí představovat. Už dnes jej žijí, neboť čím dál nepředvídatelnější podnebí si vybírá svou daň. Jejich počty přitom pravděpodobně strmě porostou, jak budou sílit účinky změny klimatu.

Svět je ale na tyto budoucí klimatické migranty připraven ještě méně než Evropa na současnou vlnu běženců z Blízkého východu a severní Afriky. Většina klimatických migrantů přesídlí uvnitř své země, ale ostatní nebudou mít jinou možnost než hledat úkryt jinde. Jestli hladiny moří stoupnou o víc než metr, stěhovat se možná budou muset celé populace zemí na tichomořských atolech a útesových ostrovech.

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