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气候变化的肉制品因素

柏林—去年,世界三大肉制品公司——JBS、嘉吉(Cargill)和泰森食品(Tyson Foods)——所排放的温室气体量比法国还要高,与一些大石油公司等量齐观。然而,在埃克森和壳牌等能源巨头因为刺激气候变化而饱受口诛笔伐的同时,肉奶业公司几乎无人关注。如果我们想要避免环境灾难,这一双重标准就必须改变。

为了激起人们对此问题的关注,农业和贸易政策研究所(Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy)、GRAIN和德国海因里希·玻尔基金会(Heinrich Böll Foundation)最近组织了一项关于全球牲畜贸易的“超大气候足迹”的研究。我们的发现令人震惊。2016年,全球20家最大的肉奶制品公司排放的温室气体量比德国还要高。如果把这些公司看成一个国家,它将是世界第七大排放国。

显然,遏制气候变化需要限制肉奶业的排放。问题是如何实现。

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