A Somalian refugee helps to dig a latrine on the outskirts of the IFO refugee camp Oli Scarff/Getty Images

即将到来的气候无家可归潮

约翰内斯堡—世界各国政府正在参与一系列可能从根本上改变跨境人口流动管理的对话。其中一项对话的重点是难民保护;另一项对话的重点是移民。

这些由联合国牵头的讨论不会产生有法律约束力的协议。但对话本身即是形成关于当代移民挑战的共识的宝贵机会。最重要的是,它们给了国际社会一次良机为气候变化的影响做好准备,很快,气候变化就将成为全球无家可归和移民的主要原因。

据最新统计,全世界共有大约2.58亿移民,其中2.25亿是联合国难民署注册难民。哪怕是最温和的关于气候的预言成为现实,这些数字都将不值一提。据国际移民组织数据,气候变化可能导致2050年十亿人失去家园

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