Scientists stand beside a new carbon capture test unit Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images

地球工程谬论

柏林—在全世界为控制引发气候变化的气体排放、限制地球变暖而焦头烂额之际,一项新的技术憧憬正在赢得越来越多的支持者。地球工程——大规模操纵地球自然系统——作为一种抵消气候变化的负面效应的手段而大受欢迎。

这门科学的支持者炮制了一个幻觉:可以设法人造一条气候危机的出路,实现2015年巴黎气候协定目标,同时又维持重消费生活方式。

但这个解决办法并不像其支持者想让我们相信的那样简单。把宝押在气候工程上——不论是作为地球保险政策,还是作为遏制气温升高的孤注一掷——不但风险很大,还有可能让人们的注意力从我们所知的唯一能够起作用的方案——减少碳排放上转移。

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