Poner fin a la parálisis ambiental en Europa

LONDRES – Europa tiene una firme tradición de líder en la lucha contra el cambio climático. Últimamente, sin embargo, el continente ha llegado a un bloqueo ideológico sobre cómo abordar el problema, pues frecuentemente se considera que la sostenibilidad del ambiente y el crecimiento son mutuamente excluyentes. Si Europa desea seguir siendo un líder en cuestiones ambientales y un centro de innovación y competitividad, tendrá que abandonar su rigidez ideológica y adoptar soluciones realistas y pragmáticas que puedan generar beneficios ambientales sin sacrificar el desarrollo económico.

Los desafíos que plantea el cambio climático son reales y no se pueden ignorar las consecuencias del inmovilismo. Al mismo tiempo, hay una creciente demanda de energía y una necesidad urgente de encontrar una salida a largo plazo de la actual crisis económica. No hay una solución única y fácil para estos dos imperativos. Controlar el calentamiento global y asegurar el crecimiento económico exigirá una serie equilibrada de medidas, incluidas la energía renovable y el aumento de la eficiencia energética. Entre esas soluciones, es esencial la captura y almacenamiento de carbono (CCS por sus siglas en inglés).

La tecnología de la CSS captura el dióxido de carbono en la fuente donde se emite, lo comprime y lo almacena de forma permanente bajo tierra. De ese modo crea un puente importante entre nuestra economía moderna que depende en gran medida de los combustibles fósiles intensivos en carbono y un futuro en el que las emisiones de CO2 se reduzcan de manera sustancial. Esto ofrece los medios para mantener un sector industrial competitivo y combatir el calentamiento global al mismo tiempo.

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