Sortir l'Europe de l'impasse sur le changement climatique

LONDRES – L'Europe a une solide tradition de chef de file dans la lutte contre le changement climatique. Pourtant ces derniers temps, le continent s'est mis dans une impasse idéologique sur la manière d'aborder le problème : la protection de l'environnement et la croissance sont souvent dépeintes comme mutuellement exclusives. Si l'Europe doit rester un leader dans le domaine de l'environnement, mais aussi un centre d'innovation et de compétitivité, elle va devoir abandonner sa rigidité idéologique et adopter des solutions réalistes et pragmatiques pouvant offrir des avantages environnementaux sans sacrifier le développement économique.

Les défis posés par le changement climatique sont réels et les conséquences de l'inaction sont impossibles à ignorer. Il y a en même temps une demande croissante d'énergie et un besoin désespéré d'une sortie à long terme de la crise économique en cours. Il n'y a pas de solution unique et simple capable de répondre à ces deux impératifs. Freiner le réchauffement de la planète tout en assurant la croissance économique va exiger un portefeuille de solutions, notamment des énergies renouvelables et une efficacité énergétique accrue. Un point clé parmi ces solutions est la capture et le stockage du carbone.

La technologie CSC capture le dioxyde de carbone à la source de son émission, le comprime et stocke de manière permanente sous terre. Ce faisant, elle fournit un pont important entre notre économie moderne, qui compte beaucoup sur les combustibles fossiles à forte intensité en carbone et un avenir dans lequel les émissions de CO2 sont considérablement réduites. Cette technologie donne les moyens de conserver un secteur industriel compétitif tout en luttant simultanément contre le réchauffement climatique.

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