Crowd watching sunset

Správná cena za ochranu klimatu

WASHINGTON, DC – Až se v tomto týdnu sejdou v Paříži světoví lídři na Konferenci OSN o změně klimatu, bude jejich úkolem dosáhnout globální dohody o omezení emisí skleníkových plynů. Zdárný výsledek, dokládající, že země dokážou pro dobro planety spolupracovat, by se pro svět – a pro Pařížany, kteří po nedávných teroristických útocích zůstávají nezlomeni – stal zřetelným poselstvím naděje.

Klimatické závazky se budou zakládat na zamýšlených příspěvcích, jak si je určily jednotlivé země, anebo na příslibech k celosvětovému snížení emisí. Mám za to, že by se tyto závazky měly opírat o cenu emisí.

K dosažení poklesu emisí skleníkových plynů při nejnižších možných nákladech je nezbytná revoluce ve spotřebě a výrobě energie. Postupné, předvídatelné a spolehlivé zvyšování cen energií by zajistilo silné pobídky pro spotřebitele, aby snižovali své účty za energie. Správná cena uhlíku by zároveň povzbuzením investic do technologických inovací umožnila hladký odklon od fosilních paliv.

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