Cambio climático y “Climategate”

COPENHAGUE – Miles de políticos, burócratas y activistas del medio ambiente han llegado a Copenhague para la cumbre global COP15 sobre el cambio climático con todos los bríos -y la buena imagen de sí mismos- de un grupo de comandos convencidos de que están a punto de salvar el mundo. Y, aunque las diferencias políticas entre ellos siguen siendo enormes, los delegados se están felicitando mutuamente por tener las respuestas al cambio global.

El colorido lenguaje y la pretenciosa autoconfianza que aquí repletan el Bella Center me recuerdan una escena similar: Kyoto, 1997. Allí los líderes mundiales firmaron de verdad un acuerdo legalmente vinculante para reducir las emisiones de carbono, algo que no verán los asistentes a esta cumbre. Sin embargo, ¿qué logró el Protocolo de Kyoto? Hasta ahora al menos, prácticamente nada.

Es verdad que Europa ha dado algunos pasos para reducir sus emisiones. Sin embargo, de los 15 países de la Unión Europea representados en la cumbre de Kyoto, 10 todavía no cumplen los objetivos acordados allí. Tampoco lo harán Japón ni Canadá. Y Estados Unidos ni siquiera ratificó el acuerdo. En total, lo probable es que apenas logremos un 5% la reducción comprometida en Kyoto.

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