Изменение климата и «Климатгейт»

КОПЕНГАГЕН. Тысячи политиков, чиновников и активистов по защите окружающей среды прибыли в Копенгаген для участия в КС 15 – глобальном климатическом саммите с бравадой и чувством собственного достоинства группы коммандос, которые убеждены, что они почти спасли мир. И, несмотря на наличие между ними серьезных политических разногласий, делегаты поздравляют себя с тем, что им удалось получить ответы по проблемам глобального потепления.

Хвастливая речь и показная самоуверенность, наполнившие Белла-центр, напомнили мне об аналогичной ситуации в Киото в 1997 году. Тогда мировые лидеры подписали юридически обязательное для исполнения соглашение по сокращению выбросов парниковых газов – то, от чего ускользнут участники саммита в Копенгагене. Однако чего удалось достичь по Киотскому протоколу? Пока, практически ничего.

Конечно, Европа добилась определенных успехов в сокращении выбросов двуокиси углерода. Однако, из 15 стран Европейского Союза, представленных на саммите в Киото, 10 до сих пор не смогли выполнить согласованные целевые показатели. Ни Япония, ни Канада не смогут их выполнить. А США даже не ратифицировали этот протокол. В целом, мы, скорее всего, достигнем примерно 5% от обещанного в Киото сокращения эмиссии парниковых газов.

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