Změna klimatu a aféra „Climategate“

KODAŇ – Tisíce politiků, úředníků a ekologických aktivistů přijely do Kodaně na celosvětový klimatický summit COP15 se siláctvím – a domýšlivostí – úderného komanda přesvědčeného, že co nevidět zachrání svět. Politické neshody mezi nimi sice zůstávají obrovské, a přece už si delegáti gratulují, že vědí jak na globální oteplování odpovědět.

Chvástavé řečnění a ostentativní sebedůvěra, jež zaplnily kodaňské Bella Center, mi připomínají podobnou scénu: Kjóto roku 1997. Tam světoví lídři skutečně podepsali právně závaznou dohodu na snižování uhlíkových emisí – něco, co se účastníkům kodaňského summitu nepodaří. Jenže čeho Kjótský protokol dosáhl? Přinejmenším doposud prakticky ničeho.

Ovšemže, Evropa jistý pokrok na cestě ke snižování svých emisí oxidu uhličitého udělala. Jenže z 15 zemí Evropské unie, jež byly na kjótském summitu zastoupeny, jich cíle, které tam byly dohodnuty, deset stále nesplnilo. Nesplní je ani Japonsko či Kanada. A Spojené státy dohodu nikdy ani neratifikovaly. Celkově zřejmě dosáhneme pouhých 5 % redukcí slíbených v Kjótu.

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