气候变化和“气候门”

发自哥本哈根——数千名政治家,政府官员和环保主义者云集哥本哈根,为COP15全球气候峰会而来,他们踌躇满志,自视甚高,似乎自己就是一名即将执行拯救世界任务的特种部队成员。虽然各路人马之间的政治分歧依然巨大,但所有的代表无不得意洋洋,认为解决全球变暖问题的答案早就握在了自己手里。

眼看着作为峰会会场的贝拉中心逐渐淹没在代表们的高亢言论和过度自信之中,我不禁回想起了一个似曾相识的情景:1997年的东京。当时全世界的领袖人物在那里共同签署了一份旨在削减各国二氧化碳排放量的,具有法律效力的议定书——如今的哥本哈根与会者们可能早把这份东西淡忘了。那么这份《京都议定书》究竟取得了什么成果?答案:至少在目前来说,什么也没有。

无可否认,欧洲在二氧化碳减排方面确实取得了一些成果。但在当年出席东京气候峰会的15个欧盟国家中,还有10个依然没能完成自己当年所承诺的减排目标。日本和加拿大也食了言,而美国甚至连协议都没签。总的来说,面对这份东京议定书的减排承诺,我们只兑现了5%。

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