Čistota kolem diamantů

PRINCETON – Diamanty jsou spojovány s čistotou a světlem. Věnují se coby slib lásky a nosí se coby symbol oddanosti. Přesto vedou ke strašlivým vraždám a také k rozsáhlému znásilňování a amputacím.

Charles Taylor, bývalý prezident Libérie, který v současnosti čelí u zvláštního soudu v Haagu obviněním z válečných zločinů, údajně pomocí diamantů financoval vzbouřence v občanské válce v Sieře Leone. Obžaloba proti Taylorovi představuje pouze jeden z několika příkladů, kdy se diamanty staly podnětem k rozsáhlému porušování lidských práv.

Když si role diamantů při rozdmýchávání násilného konfliktu v Africe získala celosvětovou pozornost, zavedl diamantový průmysl takzvaný Kimberleyský proces, aby vyloučil „krvavé diamanty“ z mezinárodního obchodu. Iniciativa se setkala s jistým úspěchem, ačkoliv zcela nezastavila obchod s diamanty z konfliktem zmítaných zemí, jako je Demokratická republika Kongo.

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