activists in ukraine Kirill Kudryavtsev/Getty Images

Le retour de la répression

BERLIN – Les gouvernements du monde entier prennent des mesures draconiennes pour réprimer les organisations de la société civile, avec des mesures allant de lois restrictives et de charges bureaucratiques pour salir les campagnes, à la censure et à la répression pure et simple par des agences de renseignements ou par la police. Par tous les moyens, les gouvernements s'efforcent d'interférer avec le travail des militants politiques, sociaux et écologistes dans une mesure sans précédent depuis l'époque qui a précédé l'effondrement du communisme en Europe il y a un quart de siècle.

Bien sûr, les gouvernements évoquent toutes sortes de raisons, les problèmes de sécurité relatifs au terrorisme étant désormais en tête de liste, pour justifier la répression des organisations non gouvernementales et d'autres groupes de la société civile. Mais la réalité est que les risques de sécurité, qui sont peut-être bien réels, ne sont pas une excuse pour le genre de suspicion généralisée que les gouvernements utilisent comme prétexte pour faire taire ou pour interdire des organisations indépendantes.

Cette tendance inquiétante ne semble pas être un phénomène éphémère, mais un signe de changements fondamentaux dans la géopolitique internationale. L'un des plus importants d'entre eux est l'insistance croissante sur la « souveraineté » parmi les économies émergentes, de l'Égypte à la Thaïlande.

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