activists in ukraine Kirill Kudryavtsev/Getty Images

压迫死灰复燃

柏林—世界各国政府正在对公民社会组织严加压迫,所采取的措施从限制性法律和官僚负担到抹黑宣传、审查和情报机关或警察赤裸裸的镇压无所不包。不管采取什么措施,政府都是在竭尽全力干扰政治、社会和环境活动家的工作,其程度之深为四分之一世纪前欧洲共产主义倒台以来所未见。

当然,政府会拿出各种理由,如与目前作为重中之重的恐怖主义相关的安全顾虑等,来论证压迫非政府组织和其他公民社会团体的合理性。但现实是安全风险——诚然可能确实存在——并不是政府以全盘可疑为由取缔或让独立组织噤声的借口。

这一凌然不安的趋势似乎不是一个短暂现象,而是国际地缘政治发生根本性变化的信号。其中最重要的趋势之一是从埃及到泰国的新兴经济体日益强调“主权”。

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