L'avenir de la Syrie

DENVER – "Les hommes et les nations ne se comportent avec sagesse qu'après avoir épuisé toutes les autres alternatives", a déclaré un jour Abba Eban, le diplomate israélien. Cela va-t-il être le cas pour les USA avec la Syrie - le problème le plus inextricable et le plus dangereux du Moyen-Orient ?

Jusqu'à présent, la politique américaine s'est réduite à des bombardements plus ou moins symboliques contre les extrémistes sunnites et à la participation à l'entraînement de quelques 5000 syriens appartenant à "l'opposition modérée" supposée vaincre les autres forces sunnites et celles du président Bachar Al-Assad en attendant qu'elle n'entre victorieusement dans Damas - survolée peut-être par l'aviation américaine. Les USA continuent ainsi dans une mauvaise direction : ils écoutent, et pire encore, ils croient ceux-là même qui sont une partie du problème.

Le président Obama a raison de dire que la destruction de l'Etat islamique est un objectif à long terme. Cet objectif est justifié, mais il manque d'objectif clair en ce qui concerne la Syrie - alors que l'Amérique devrait susciter un large soutien dans la région et plus largement au sein de la communauté internationale. De même que les chiites à eux tout seuls ne peuvent gouverner l'Irak, les sunnites ne peuvent à eux tout seuls gouverner la Syrie.

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