Crecimiento alimentado a chocolate

VIENA – Como africano, mi sueño para la próxima década es ver que el continente produzca y venda chocolate a 300 millones de chinos, en lugar de exportar materias primas como el cacao. Hace varias semanas, en el Simposio Chino-Africano en Xiamen, China, puse a prueba esta visión frente a la audiencia y los más de 2.000 delegados se sumaron en un aplauso resonante. Los líderes empresariales y gubernamentales evidentemente están dispuestos a que África introduzca un cambio estructural destinado a crear economías nacionales basadas en la industria.

Mientras muchos han promocionado a viva voz el logro de África de mantener una tasa de crecimiento promedio del PBI del 5-6% durante la década pasada, esto esconde la realidad de que, en 2005, el África subsahariana estaba escasamente mejor que un cuarto de siglo antes: seguía siendo la región más pobre del mundo y más de la mitad de su población vivía con menos de 1,25 dólares por día en términos de paridad de poder adquisitivo. Los países de la región están en una trotadora de pobreza: corren rápido sólo para quedarse en el mismo lugar.

Esto tiene que cambiar. La estrategia ortodoxa de crecimiento liderado por la agricultura de los años 1960, el antídoto favorito a cinco décadas de una doctrina de ayuda de "campesinos felices", tiene que ser reemplazada por una estrategia de desarrollo agroindustrial a través de la cual los responsables de las políticas, los donantes y los empresarios apunten a la cadena de valor en su totalidad para respaldar un cambio de productos a granel a productos fabricados agroindustrialmente y con valor agregado.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/7uZZaW9/es;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.