Japan China South Korea Foreign Ministers northeast asia Yao Qilin/ZumaPress

Les pays d'Asie de l'Est doivent coopérer

DENVER – Pour la première fois depuis trois ans, les ministres des Affaires étrangères de la Chine, de la Corée du Sud et du Japon se sont rencontrés. Ils se sont réunis à Séoul la semaine dernière pour discuter d'une possible coopération sur un éventail de domaines allant du contre-terrorisme à la pollution de l'air. Mais au-delà de leur accord pour se rencontrer à nouveau "le plus tôt possible", la principale question qui se pose à eux reste sans réponse : parviendront-ils à résoudre ou à tout le moins à faire abstraction de leurs conflits territoriaux et de leurs antagonismes historiques, de manière à progresser sur la voie de leurs intérêts communs ?

C'est sûrement ce que souhaite la Chine, au moins en ce qui concerne sa Banque asiatique d'investissement pour les infrastructures (BAII), dont l'objectif à peine voilé est de stimuler le secteur de la construction en Chine. Tout en acceptant poliment d'étudier l'invitation chinoise à se joindre à cette Banque, le Japon et la Corée du Sud étaient réticents à la rejoindre, car les deux pays savent qu'il s'agit d'une initiative qui tend à affaiblir la Banque asiatique de développement et même la Banque mondiale. La Corée du Sud vient cependant d'annoncer son accord.

La BAII est envisagée comme une banque de développement à l'ancienne qui lance des projets d'infrastructure avec un minimum de bureaucratie, sans examiner leurs conséquences sociales et environnementales. Mais si elle parvient à ses objectifs ambitieux, dont la création d'une nouvelle Route de la soie vers l'Europe, la Chine devra surmonter les réticences de ses voisins et affronter l'impatience croissante de la population chinoise qui espère en un avenir grandiose.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/5MelKcO/fr;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.