Железный кулак Китая в шелковой перчатке

НЬЮ-ДЕЛИ – В течение многих лет Китай стремился окружить Южную Азию «ниткой жемчуга»: сетью портов, соединяющих ее восточное побережье с Ближним Востоком, который повысил бы ее стратегическую ударную силу и обеспечил свободный морской доступ. Неудивительно, что Индия и другие страны присматривались к этому процессу с серьезным беспокойством.

Однако сегодня Китай пытается замаскировать свою стратегию, утверждая, что он хочет создать морской Великий шелковый путь двадцать первого века для расширения торговли и улучшения культурных связей. Но дружественная риторика вряд ли сможет уменьшить беспокойство в Азии и за ее пределами о том, что стратегической целью Китая является обеспечение господства над этим регионом.

Это беспокойство имеет серьезные основания. Попросту говоря, инициатива Великого шелкового пути разработана, чтобы сделать Китай эпицентром нового порядка в Азии и в регионе Индийского океана. Более того, устанавливая свое господство вдоль главных торговых артерий и вместе с тем провоцируя территориальные и морские споры с соседними странами, Китай пытается перекроить геополитическую карту Азии.

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