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الثورة العلمية في الصين

بكين - شهد الاقتصاد الصيني تحولا جذريا في السنوات الأخيرة، والآن يؤسس لتقدم ملحوظ في مجال العلوم والتكنولوجيا. على وجه الخصوص، تضع الصين نفسها لتكون لاعبا رئيسيا في مكافحة المرض، وهناك العديد من الأسباب للاعتقاد بأن البلاد سوف تلعب دورا محوريا في الأبحاث حول علوم الحياة في المستقبل.

وفقا لتقرير نٌشر في مجلة ماكينزي الفصلية، تنفق الصين أكثر من 200 مليار دولار على البحث العلمي سنويا، وهو مستوى استثماري يعد في المرتبة الثانية بعد الولايات المتحدة. وقد وضع الرئيس الصيني شي جين بينغ الابتكار العلمي على قائمة  الأولويات الوطنية، في إطار الخطة الحكومية  13 للمخطط الخماسي الذي يعطي الأولوية للمشاريع المعقدة في المجالات الناشئة مثل أبحاث الدماغ والعلوم الجينية والبيانات الكبيرة، والروبوتات الطبية.

وتولي الصين الكثير من الاهتمام للبحوث الطبية لأن احتياجاتها الطبية لا تلبى على نطاق واسع. وبحلول عام 2050، من المتوقع أن يرتفع بنحو 190 مليون سكان الصين البالغين سن 65 عاما فما فوق. وفي الوقت نفسه، تشكل الأمراض المزمنة الآن أكثر من 80٪ من عبء المرض في الصين. لذلك ليس من المستغرب أن تكون الصين بالفعل ثاني أكبر سوق الأدوية في العالم، أو أن الإنفاق المتعلق بالابتكار، وفقا لتقرير ماكينزي الفصلية، سيصل تريليون دولار بحلول عام 2020.

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