Новая экономическая модель Китая

Успех Китая с тех пор, как он начал переход к рыночной экономике, основывается на адаптации стратегий и политики: как только разрешается один круг проблем, возникают другие, для решения которых необходимы новые стратегии и новая политика. Этот процесс включает в себя и социальные инновации . Китай признал, что он не может просто перенять экономические институты других стран; по крайней мере, что оказалось успешным в других странах, должно быть адаптировано к уникальным проблемам, которые встают перед Китаем.

Сегодня в Китае идет обсуждение «новой экономической модели». Безусловно, старая экономическая модель была очень успешной, принося почти 10%-ый ежегодный рост на протяжении 30 лет и вызволяя сотни миллионов китайцев из пропасти бедности. Изменения, очевидно, отражаются не только в статистике, но и, а возможно и больше, на лицах людей по всей стране.

Недавно я посетил отдаленную деревню Донга в горах Куиджо, которая является одной из самых бедных областей Китая, располагаясь в нескольких милях вдали от ближайшей асфальтированной дороги; и все же в нее было подведено электричество, а с электричеством появилось не только телевидение, но и Интернет. В то время как определенный возрастающий доход поступал от денежных переводов, которые делали члены семей, мигрировавшие в прибрежные города, фермеры также стали более обеспеченными, благодаря появлению новых зерновых культур и семян более высокого качества: правительство продавало в кредит семена высокого сорта с гарантируемым процентом всхожести.

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