Невероятно сокращающаяся экономика Китая

ИТАКА, НЬЮ-ЙОРК – Всемирный Банк недавно заявил, что китайская и индийская экономические системы на 40% меньше, чем предполагалось раньше. Поскольку они являются самыми быстро растущими крупными экономическими системами, поправка Банка срезала половину процентной точки с показателя мирового роста за последние пять лет, согласно МВФ.

Новые цифры вызвали бурю споров и придали силу теоретикам заговора. Но когда пыль уляжется, новые данные, возможно, будут менее революционными, чем думают некоторые. Они могут также оказать непреднамеренное благоприятное воздействие, направив основные дебаты о политической программе в более продуктивное русло.

Новые данные основаны на улучшенной оценке паритета покупательной способности (PPP). Главная идея состоит в том, что при сравнении доходов среди стран необходимо принимать во внимание колебания в покупательной способности. Рыночные обменные курсы не являются хорошим индикатором этих различий, потому что они могут колебаться по другим причинам.

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